You may find many things in cannabis plants. Do you know what delta-8 THC is? Read on, if not. It may be the thing for every cannabis user. What Is Delta 8? Delta-8 is Hemp’s newest, highly sought after derivative made from CBD rich cultivars. But unlike CBD, Delta 8 will make you feel high. Delta-8 THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is a naturally occurring cannabinoid in cannabis (hemp and marijuana) and is commonly abbreviated as Delta-8 THC, Δ8THC, Δ8, D8, Delta-8-THC and Delta-10-THC offer alternatives to the traditional cannabis high. Both of these cannabinoids provide unique, and more subtle, effects.
Delta-8 phenomen in USA. What effects does it have?
It is a chemical compound in cannabis plants that is very similar to the molecule delta-9 THC, which is the most well-known compound in cannabis plants, responsible for the perfect high, euphoria, feelings of happiness, relaxation, relief and many more. THC can be found in most cannabis plants.
The difference between the two cannabinoids is not only in their name, but also in their chemical structure. The technical name for THC is tetrahydrocannabinol, known as delta-9 THC, or delta-9. The cannabinoid delta-8 is short for delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol, or delta-8 THC. Delta-8 can produce similar effects to delta-9 THC, but not as strong.
If you hear mentions of THC around you, it is always the second and more familiar variant of delta-9 THC.
As far as legality goes, delta-8 is a bit on the borderline. It can be extracted from both regular and technical cannabis. As of 2018, for example, you can grow hemp almost everywhere in America, which would make delta-8 legal in states where delta-9 is not.
Interestingly, products containing delta-8 are made from CBD strains which at least theoretically falls under the federal law of product origin.
In some US states, THC is still illegal, and because of this, residents there are starting to gravitate towards products that contain delta-8. Firstly because of the perceived legality (which is questionable) and also because of the effects. It’s weaker than conventional THC, but many people are happy with it. As a result of the growing demand, manufacturers are beginning to include delta-8 products in their product range.
Cannabis plants – what’s the difference between Delta-8 vs. Delta-9?
Both molecules bind to the endocannabinoid system. In terms of chemistry, both molecules are similar as they have a double bond in their structure. But the difference is in the double bond linkage. Both cannabinoids have a chain of carbon atoms. Delta-8 has a double bond with the eighth carbon atom, while Delta-9 (as seen) has a double bond with the ninth carbon atom.
Delta-8 has a slightly different binding to the endocannabinoid system, precisely because of the different position of the double bond. For this reason, researchers believe that the position of the double bond results in weaker effects than the regular THC variant. But, as is usually the case with things related to marijuana, a bunch of scientists have yet to look at this to confirm this information.
Does the high come after consuming Delta-8?
The desired high after consuming Delta-8 will occur, but the effects will not be as strong as Delta-9. However, Delta-8 is hopeful for those who live in states where cannabis is illegal. So you could feel the effects of THC without the possibility of breaking the law.
Some users might prefer this weaker option, even though they can legally get THC-containing products. For some, regular Delta-9 is too strong and they may experience some negative symptoms such as anxiety, paranoia. Delta-8 thus offers a milder and more balanced high.
Dante Jordan, who works for the foreign company Leafly had the opportunity to try products containing Delta-8 and described the effects as refreshing, energetic and lighter than when taking Delta-9.
“Yeah, Delta-8 definitely gets you high. However, it wasn’t the classic high I’m used to through consuming gummies, smoking joints and dabbing”.
How long do the effects of Delta-8 last?
The high itself lasts for a similar amount of time as when consuming Delta-9 THC, but it’s not as strong. The influencing factors are then the same: the amount consumed and the form of consumption. If you smoke a joint, it won’t be as strong as if you had a THC gummy bear.
The benefits of consuming Delta-8
The beneficial effects are similar to its stronger counterpart and can thus help with these difficulties:
- Pain relief
Then there are the effects after using. As mentioned, these are the same as the other THC molecule. The resulting effect is a milder euphoria, a feeling of happiness and an uplifting feeling.
Side effects include dry mouth, minor short term memory problems, paranoia and anxiety. However, this has not yet been confirmed by proper research.
So the way delta-8 affects you depends on the dosage and your tolerance. Seasoned cannabis users will find it to be a very weak version of their favourite strain, but if beginners take delta-8 products, it could affect them quite strongly. It depends on your resistance.
Is delta-8 legal?
Delta-8 is currently in a legal grey area.
Few state laws currently address the issue of delta-8 THC. Most state laws that pertain to marijuana or hemp use language that refers to marijuana, hemp, THC, CBD, or delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol. There are 11 states where delta-8 is considered illegal under state law
In the proposed rule, the federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) indirectly classified delta-8 THC as a Schedule I controlled substance, which would make it federally illegal.
But it’s a paradox when you consider the origins of delta-8 THC. It’s processed exclusively from industrial hemp, which in turn makes the substance legal.
Delta-8 wouldn’t show up on a drug test? Wrong, the tests cannot tell the difference between delta-8 and delta-9, so they are positive in both cases.
This is basic information about delta-8. If you are interested in trying this product and you live in US, you can explore the internet and after a while you will find many e-shops which offers delta-8. Following the success in the US, this trend can be expected to spread to the EU and other countries around the world.
Until that happens, our cannabis varieties will come in handy. They are perfect seeds that will grow into beautiful plants.
Delta-8 Legal Disclaimer
Note that the information contained on this page and website is for informational purposes only and by NO MEANS is legal advice. Read our full legal disclaimer to better understand our policy around Delta 8. While we try to stay as up to date as possible on all state and federal laws, the laws, especially at the state level, are constantly changing. Please do your own due diligence and work with a legal professional to ensure you are operating legally in your state at all times.
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Discover Delta-8-THC and Delta-10-THC
You’ve likely experienced the effects of delta-9-THC hundreds of times. But what about its close cousins? Both delta-8-THC and delta-10-THC offer unique effects. Delta-8 creates more of a relaxed mindset perfect for lazy afternoons and evenings, whereas delta-10 provides a cerebral sensation potentially more fitting for daytime activities.
Cannabinoids, terpenes, phytochemicals, organic cultivation
Is there any rabbit hole deeper than cannabis? The more you discover about the herb, the less you realise you know. The world of cannabinoids can get especially complex. You’ve heard of delta-9-THC, but what about its close relatives?
Find out everything you need to know about delta-8-THC and delta-10-THC, including their effects and legality.
- Understanding how cannabinoids are synthesised
- What is delta-8-thc?
- How is delta-8-thc different from delta-9-thc?
Understanding How Cannabinoids Are Synthesised
Cannabinoids are produced by natural chemical reactions such as decarboxylation, isomerisation, and oxidation. A few key enzymes are responsible for the biosynthesis of cannabinoids; namely, CBDA synthase, CBCA synthase, and THCA synthase.
These substances convert CBGA, the root or “mother” cannabinoid, into the acidic forms of the cannabinoids we know and love: CBD and Δ⁹-THC, as well as lesser-known compounds like CBC and Δ⁸-THC.
What Is Delta-8-THC?
Starting from CBGA, the resulting Δ⁹-THC is oxidised into an isomer with a very similar chemical structure: Δ⁸-THC. Since this molecule is formed by oxidation, it’s not further altered when exposed to air.
That’s a useful feature for pharmaceutical purposes, which compensates for the rarity of this cannabinoid. Δ⁸-THC is actually produced in such small quantities by the cannabis plant that the only way to experience its effects is to consume very specific concentrates.
How Is Delta-8-THC Different From Delta-9-THC?
Δ⁸-THC binds to CB1 receptors in the central nervous system as Δ⁹-THC does, as well as to the CB2 receptor.
Based on early research and anecdotal evidence, Δ⁸-THC is kind of like a “light” version of traditional Δ⁹-THC, producing a mild sedative effect without the typical mental stimulation induced by Δ⁹-THC.
As an analogue of Δ⁹-THC, the Δ⁸ version has demonstrated antiemetic, anxiolytic, appetite-stimulating, analgesic, and neuroprotective properties in research settings, despite exerting milder psychotropic effects than Δ⁹-THC.
Furthermore, when taken in high doses, Δ⁸-THC seems to cause less anxiety than Δ⁹-THC.
Delta-8-THC Delta-9-THC Delta-10-THC Psychoactivity Low-medium Medium-high Low-medium Effects Relaxing and sedant Euphoric and mental stimulant Euphoric and nootropic Concentration in cannabis Less than 1% Until 30% Less than 1% Receptors CB1 and CB2 CB1 and CB2 CB1 and CB2 Legality Legal gray area Illegal (except few countries) Legal gray area Secondary effects (anxiety) Very low Low to moderate Very low
Does Delta-8-THC Have Therapeutic Properties?
Anecdotal accounts describe the effects of delta-8-THC as much more subtle than delta-9. Users report little to no intoxicating effects alongside a relaxed state of mind.
Cannabis researchers have probed the effects of delta-8-THC for decades. They’ve found it to increase food consumption  in animal models, and they’ve even tested it in human trials against the side effects of chemotherapy  in children.
However, many more clinical trials looking into a wider range of conditions are required. If delta-8 shows efficacy for the conditions delta-9 helps to manage, we could see the molecule appear in approved cannabis-based medicines in the future.
What Is Delta-10-THC?
While researchers have known about delta-8-THC for quite some time, delta-10-THC has only recently emerged as a cutting-edge cannabinoid. Just like delta-8, delta-10 occurs as an isomer of the delta-9-THC that we all know and love. Although it shares the same chemical formula, the atoms are arranged slightly differently in the molecule.
Delta-9-THC received its name because it features a double bond on the ninth carbon chain of its molecule. In the case of delta-10-THC, this double bond occurs on the tenth carbon chain instead. This subtle change in the molecular structure means delta-10 offers slightly different effects, without completely altering its binding capabilities in the body.
This novel cannabinoid has sparked a wave of curiosity in the cannabis industry. Consumers are looking to try out this mysterious molecule, and manufacturers are rushing to meet this demand with delta-10-THC carts and the like.
How Does Delta-10-THC Work in the Body?
We’re not entirely sure. Delta-10 has emerged so recently that no studies have elucidated its mechanism of action in the body. However, the behaviour of delta-8 and delta-9 offer some encouraging clues. Both of these cannabinoids bind to both the CB1 and CB2 receptors  of the endocannabinoid system.
CB1 receptors occur primarily in the central nervous system, and their activation gives rise to the varying psychoactive effects of different cannabinoids. CB2 receptors show up largely in the immune system. Delta-8 manages to bind to both of these receptors, regardless of its altered double bond position. This makes it reasonable to assume that delta-10-THC has the ability to bind to both of the major cannabinoid receptors.
Does Delta-10-THC Get You High?
Further evidence that delta-10-THC can at least bind to the CB1 receptor comes from anecdotal reports of its effects. Several cannabis companies in the United States have already developed delta-10 products, and a range of pre-filled delta-10-THC vape carts are available to those curious enough to try.
Users describe the effects as psychoactive, but much less intense and intoxicating than delta-9-THC. Some describe the change in consciousness as a “head high” that “frees the mind”. If these effects are consistent among many consumers, delta-10-THC could carve out its own space in the market as a daytime cannabinoid used to improve focus and motivation.
How Was Delta-10-THC Discovered?
A Californian cannabis extraction company accidentally discovered delta-10-THC after purchasing a contaminated batch of cannabis buds. While the crop that produced these flowers was still in the ground, wildfires ravaged areas of the state. In an attempt to battle the blaze, firefighters dumped fire retardants from aircraft, and these chemicals worked their way into the cannabis supply.
The company in question extracted the cannabis biomass and distilled the end product to remove any of the contaminating substances. But they noticed odd crystals begin to form. They ruled out THCA, as this cannabinoid acid doesn’t form after high-temperature distillation.
They sent samples off to a speciality lab for analysis, and the technicians identified the molecule as delta-10-THC  . It turns out that small quantities of delta-10 may show up often following standard high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, but this form of analysis may lead technicians to misidentify the cannabinoid as CBC (cannabichromene) or CBL (cannabicyclol).
How Is Delta-10-THC Made?
It turns out that the addition of fire retardants managed to cause the double bond to migrate from the ninth position to the tenth in the THC molecule. A consultant for the extraction company managed to recreate this reaction using food-grade additives and stabilisers. Other manufacturers are now creating the synthetic cannabinoid using CBD  . When using crude CBD extract, they harness carbon and vitamin C derivatives to transform the molecule. When using isolates, solvents and acids get the job done.
Is Delta-10-THC Legal?
It depends on the source. When derived from cannabis, delta-10-THC is viewed as federally illegal because of the Schedule I classification of marijuana. However, delta-10 derived from hemp exists in a legal grey area.
The Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 changed the definition of hemp  in America. It states, “The term ‘hemp’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis”.
The passage of this legislation makes it quite clear the delta-10-THC derived from low-THC hemp remains federally legal in the United States. Many companies have perceived the law in this way, and are moving forward with manufacturing, product development, and sales.
California New Jersey Illinois Oregon Maine South Dakota Massachusetts Vermont Michigan Washington Nevada California Illinois Maine Massachusetts Michigan Nevada New Jersey Oregon South Dakota Vermont Washington
Delta-8 and Delta-10 vs Delta-9
All three of these cannabinoids offer something different. Delta-9 offers the classic cannabis high, while users report that delta-8 provides more of a relaxing effect, without the panic sometimes associated with delta-9. Delta-10 appears to provide more of a cerebral effect, without too much intoxication, although it’s still unclear. The latter could perhaps land somewhere between delta-9 and CBD in the market. While it doesn’t offer a traditional high, it might provide something more noticeable than CBD on its own.
Can You Extract Delta-8 and Delta-10 at Home?
Before you get too excited, nobody has made their own batch of delta-10-THC at home. Not yet, anyway. For now, we need to leave it to the big industry players to refine and perfect the extraction and conversation process. As they make progress in this area and create more of an efficient process, it might become possible to mimic their methods on a small scale in the future.