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Cannabis in Greece – Laws, Use, and History

It is illegal to use or supply cannabis in Greece, though the law is less strict on limited personal use. In 2017, the Greek government legalised the use of cannabis for medical purposes, and a year later, they lifted the ban on growing or producing it. This enables pharmaceutical companies to grow cannabis legally, and industrial hemp suppliers too.

    • Capital
    • Athínai (Athens)
    • Population
    • 11,103,000
      • CBD Products
      • Legal under 0.2% THC
      • Recreational cannabis
      • Illegal
      • Medicinal cannabis
      • Legal since 2017

      Cannabis laws in Greece

      Can you possess and use cannabis in Greece?

      The Greek Drug Law of 1987 stated that all aspects of drug use were ‘punishable with imprisonment’, even if the individual was only caught in possession of cannabis for personal use. Since then, many amendments have been made to this.

      The 2013 amendment introduced a more lenient stance, though it is still strict when compared to other European countries. If caught with a small quantity of cannabis for personal use, you may be sentenced to no more than five months in prison. The offence will not be added to your criminal record, on the condition that the same offence isn’t repeated within a five-year period.

      If the investigating judge recommends you to a special treatment unit, the prison sentence may be suspended. The judge decides on the severity of the sentence based on the quantity of cannabis seized, and the offender’s unique circumstances.

      Can you sell cannabis in Greece?

      It is illegal to sell or supply cannabis in Greece. If you are found guilty of supplying it, you could be sentenced to as much as eight years’ imprisonment. This is reduced to three years if you are an addict yourself or part of a supply group. A life sentence may be given if the supply is carried out by individuals in a position of public responsibility; for example, a teacher or doctor. If the supplier is drug-dependent, they may be considered for conditional release once they have completed the recommended treatment for drug addiction.

      In some instances, a fine is issued. Usually this is between EUR 50,000 and EUR 500,000.

      Can you grow cannabis in Greece?

      The law dictates that it is illegal to grow cannabis in the home. Technically speaking, it is not illegal to purchase cannabis seeds, but these cannot be germinated, nor can they be used to grow plants.

      If caught growing a limited number of cannabis plants, the sentence is unlikely to be severe. However, if it is determined that you intend to harvest and distribute the cannabis, this is regarded as a much more serious offence.

      Is CBD legal in Greece?

      While CBD is not widely used in Greece, it is starting to become more popular. This is largely due to the change in law regarding medicinal use. If the CBD oil is harvested from EU-certified plants, then it is legally acceptable to purchase or sell it.

      The CBD oil must not contain more than 0.2% THC. THC is the psychoactive ingredient found in cannabis that provides the ‘high’; and the effects of such a small amount are minimal.

      Be aware, as the law for the purchase or sale of CBD oil is a famously ‘grey area’ in many countries in Europe. As such, CBD oil should always be sourced from a reputable supplier.

      Can cannabis seeds be sent to Greece?

      Greek law permits the sale, purchase and possession of cannabis seeds. It is legal to send them via the post too. At present, the use of cannabis seeds is restricted. For example, you are not legally permitted to germinate them, nor can you use them to grow plants.

      Medicinal cannabis in Greece

      In 2017, Greece became the sixth EU country to legalise the use of cannabis for medical purposes. Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras commented: “From now on, the country is turning its page, as Greece is now included in countries where the deliver of medical cannabis to patients in need is legal.”

      Additionally, the plant was downgraded from a Class A to a Class B drug. This highlighted the Greek government’s softening attitude to cannabis.

      At this stage, it was unclear how pharmaceutical companies would cultivate cannabis for their medical products. The following year, the government passed a further law, permitting the production of medicinal cannabis.

      This is significant, not only for patients in Greece requiring medical treatment, but also for the country’s economy as a whole. Its warm climate is ideal for cannabis growth and could benefit Greece financially in the future.

      Industrial hemp in Greece

      Thanks to the 2018 law permitting the growth and cultivation of cannabis plants, the country can now legally cultivate industrial hemp. The hemp can be used for a variety of purposes, from construction and textiles, to paper and biodegradable plastic. As with any other form of cannabis production, the plants used must contain less than 0.2% THC.

      Greece’s political parties and cannabis

      In the past, Greece’s political parties have often adopted a hard-line on the laws regarding cannabis use. In recent years, this has changed considerably. In 2017, the coalition government approved the use and production of medicinal cannabis in Greece, with many centrist parties voting in favour of the law.

      It was challenged by New Democracy, Golden Dawn, the Communist Party and the Centrist’s Union. New Democracy emphasised that they saw the value of medical cannabis but were against the government’s approach. They felt the new laws did not safeguard against uncontrolled production and distribution.

      The Communist Party took an even stronger stance in opposition to the decision. They called upon the government to withdraw the decision, claiming that it would open the gates to “murderous multinationals”.

      Good to know

      If you are travelling to Greece (or currently live there), it is useful to know the following:

      • It is still illegal to use cannabis for recreational purposes in Greece. The law is traditionally fairly lenient if you are caught with a small amount for personal use but has the right to impose a prison sentence.
      • Investments in hemp and medical cannabis have grown significantly since 2018. Most processing plants will be situated in northern Greece and the first is anticipated to open in April 2019.
      • The Greek government see medical cannabis production as a chance to boost the economy and reduce unemployment. Just one site in Veroia is anticipated to generate 2,000 new jobs.

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      Cannabis Use in Lebanon – Laws, Use, and History

      Greek cannabis history

      Cannabis has a long, illustrious history in Greece. In ancient times, it was prized for its medicinal benefits, such as reducing “inflammation, earache and edema” (Lahanas, Examples of Ancient Greek Medical Knowledge, 2006). The historian Herodotus also noted that the Scythian tribes inhaled its smoke.

      Before being banned in 1890, it was widely smoked by the Greek population. There were even bars established to allow people to smoke it freely. However, it was declared a threat to society and since then, the laws regarding cannabis use in Greece have been strict.

      Despite this, many Greek soldiers and refugees smoked cannabis regularly after World War I, but this decreased with the onset of the next World War.

      Modern attitudes to cannabis

      Greek attitudes to cannabis have shifted noticeably in recent years. Once regarded as a dangerous, Class A drug, its recent downgrading to Class B marks a growing change in public perception. It is still a criminal offence to use, possess or supply cannabis. But the decision to give judges the right to make the final decision on sentencing indicates that the law is becoming more flexible on the matter.

      Cannabis statistics

      Here are a few statistics regarding cannabis in Greece:

      • Herbal cannabis is the most seized drug by the police, in terms of kilogram weight. It is followed by heroin and cocaine. Hash is the fourth most commonly seized. . (‘Young adult’ is defined as between 15 and 34 years old)”
      • Of all people seeking help for drug addiction, 23% of those are receiving treatment for cannabis use. Heroin addiction is the most treated – accounting for 61% of cases.

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      Can you receive cannabis on prescription in Greece?

      Under Greece’s current licensing system, cannabis medical products can be obtained on prescription from pharmacists. They are not yet subsidised through the state. Exact numbers of patients are not known, but it is believed that thousands currently use cannabis to alleviate symptoms associated with various medical conditions.

      Cannabis products produced in Greece are not yet available (as the processing plants have only just been established). It is anticipated that the first Greek-grown medical cannabis will come to market in 2020.

      Why is Greece good for growing cannabis?

      In order to thrive, cannabis plants require warmth and sunlight. This is something that southern European nations such as Greece have plenty of. Establishing cannabis plantations in the country makes good business sense, and the easy access to other European countries is also an advantage.

      Experts believe that, by creating a cannabis industry in Greece, the economy will be boosted significantly. Investors estimate that the European medical cannabis market could be worth over EUR 50billion in annual sales.

      “Perceptions are changing as the sector booms,” says Andreas Gennimatas, a partner in a company about to start producing cannabis products in Greece. “It’s like the internet in the late ‘90s”.

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      Is it safe to use cannabis in Greece?

      While laws are becoming slowly more liberal, it is important to remember that using cannabis is illegal. Also, punishments are among the most severe in Europe. Although the government’s recent support of medical cannabis marks a change, it is inadvisable to see this as a chance to use it recreationally.

      While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it is not intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and/or lawyer.

      Comments

      60 thoughts on “Cannabis in Greece – Laws, Use, and History”

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      AS OF SUMMER OF 2020:
      TO ALL THOSE THAT THINK THEY CAN ENJOY CANNABIS IN GREECE. THINK AGAIN DO NOT COME FOR THAT.

      Let me explain: Greek cannabis (and drug in general) laws are not at all strictly defined. There is no threshold for what personal use is. One gram can make you spend the night (or the weekend) at the police station. You WILL have to pass through the legal system, lawyers will get paid (most government officials for the past 50 years have been lawyers – they dont want to lose their main source of income), as well as court expenses. You will most probably not receive any penalty but you WILL have to pay the system quite some money, not to mention that in most cases you will have to wait for years for the court to happen – while living in uncertainty.

      It is common that news report arrests on the street or even house searches that result of less than 1 to a few grams of weed.

      Moreover, if you like to grow forget about it. Despite the fact that the law says: people that possess amounts or cultivate plants that are for their own personal use receive a maximum of 6 months in prison, once again the law does not state what are the limits for “personal use”, meaning that getting busted for growing even one plant will result in you on the news, house searched thoroughly and having to pass through the legal system with accusations for distribution (dealing). If you have just one plant and a clean record you will probably get away but you will have spent a lot of money in the procedure.

      On the contrary if you are caught with heroin nothing happens to you, you can even shoot it in public and the police will not care because “you are an addict”

      Growing legally for medicinal purposes: once again the laws passed are not precise, to get a license you have to fulfill many absurd requirements and in the end whether you get the licence or not will be up to an official’s opinion on whether you fulfill the requirements or not. Long story short, if you are interested in commercial cultivation of “medicine” you got to be a big (preferably foreign) company with a BIG budget that partly will be used for bribing the relevant officials that get to decide whether you fulfill the requirements or not.

      Bottom line: If you like weed do NOT come to Greece and support these politics and politicians with your money.

      I as a Greek take regular trips to the Netherlands to enjoy some freedom on that matter.

      Bringing Cannabis into the Dutch Mainstream

      First Wednesdays is headed back for our second-ever event in Amsterdam, thanks to our local hosts at the Cannabis Capital Convention.

      Our sunny May event was a great start for our third First Wednesdays location, drawing both local attendees and those farther afield. As a reporter from Het Parool found out, despite Amsterdam’s historical and cultural history with cannabis, this event offered a unique perspective and opportunity for the modernising industry.

      Although the Netherlands is often lauded for its pragmatic and prescient approach to cannabis, their industry is not without problems. In an effort to create dialogue and tap into the wave of breakthroughs across the continent, Dutch industry leaders have turned to the First Wednesdays network as a catalyst, which has already proven popular in the UK and France. Local host Michael Kraland explained, “This will be a monthly get-together with investors, NGOs, lawyers, producers, seed breeders. The Netherlands had a huge head start, but is now falling behind.” International policy changes and more funding for scientific research mean that the industry is moving past historical opposition and stigmatisation he explains, “after twenty years of testing cannabinoids you have something: it has a healing effect. The medical applications are now emerging.”

      “There are billions in market value in the Netherlands, but we let that flow away. The tap is open here.”

      Michael Kraland, Local Host

      The June Amsterdam will once again be generously sponsored by leading Swiss CBD company, Cibdol, and is taking place at the beautiful Eye Film Museum. If you’re planning to attend make sure to register below:

      Amsterdam marijuana seeds with olivia

      12:30pm

      Intro to Home Cultivation

      Does home cultivation sound like your jam but you don’t know where to start? Join us to learn all about the do’s and don’ts of growing at home. These experts will share their knowledge on everything from light and genetic selection to transplanting and harvesting flower.

      Panelists:

      Alan Amsterdam, Owner, Capitol Hemp; Certified Ganjier; THC Flowers Finals Judge, National Cannabis Championship
      Brandon Rossi, Owner, The Flying Scorpion
      Moderator: Carmin Ruggiero, Owner of Hawthorn Holdings LLC, 2022 THC Flowers Judge, National Cannabis Championship

      1:30pm

      On the importance of Aroma: Calling Out Lazy Cannabis Marketing and Embracing Sensory Science

      On the importance of aroma, not THC, is the forthcoming peer reviewed scientific article in the journal Molecules, that summarizes the double blind, clinical level research exploring the variables that correlate with consumer-patient enjoyment of cannabis. This work was created out of the strong scientific back end of an event founded by Jeremy Plumb 7 years ago called the Cultivation Classic, based in Portland, OR. At this event they found strong evidence that THC potency is in no way correlated with enjoyment, but that aroma was by far the most important variable. Hundreds of judges worked for many months at a time, trained by a neuroscientist, to produce an unprecedented inquiry at scale into the dynamics of enjoyment. This work opens the door to reframing all of the backwards ways that wholesale and retail cannabis is typically curated; high THC, Indica / Sativa / Hybrid, terpene dominance, and proprietary classification systems such as “feelings”. This is just the tip of the iceberg of their findings. Come join us as we highlight the importance of aroma as it pertains to the people and plant relationship and discuss next steps the industry can take to optimize consumer’s overall experience with cannabis.

      Panelists:

      Jeremy Plumb, Director, Production Science, Prūf Cultivar

      2:30pm

      Cannabis Genetics: Myths vs. Reality

      If you want to grow a strain from seed, or even make your own seeds, this panel is for you! Is there such a thing as a landrace strain today? What’s the difference between Autoflowers and Photoperiod plants? Are Feminized Seeds or Regular Seeds better? What exactly is a phenotype? The topic of genetics is rife with urban legend and misinformation. Seasoned cannabis breeders will help you determine what’s real and what’s not. Along the way learn the basics of creating your own genetics and the do’s and don’ts of breeding cannabis.

      Panelists:

      Dan, Breeder, Owner, Gnome Genetics & 2x Winner of the Autoflower Cup
      Brett, Breeder & Owner, Copa Genetics
      Moderator: Paul N. Chucker, Owner, D.C. Seed Exchange

      3:30pm

      Natural Farming Concepts and Philosophies

      Korean Natural Farming practices are gaining popularity in the Growing Community. Its core values empower the grower, by working in cohesion with nature to make its own garden inputs. Korean Natural Farming offers a low cost and resourceful way of growing that facilitates nutrient availability through local biology. Join us for a conversation about Natural Farming practices and learn how they work in real-life when applied to a market garden and cannabis cultivation.

      Panelists:

      Philip Freiseis, Natural Farmer, National Cannabis Championship Hemp Flower Judge, Virginia Hemp Coalition Advisory Board Member
      Colby Freiseis, Natural Farmer, National Cannabis Championship Hemp Flower Judge, Virginia Hemp Coalition Advisory Board Member

      4:00pm

      Regenerative Agriculture in the Emerald Triangle and Beyond

      How can cannabis help us to grow a regenerative future? Industrial agriculture has devastating impacts on the environment, while regenerative farming has the potential to sequester carbon, improve water quality, and build systems that thrive more and more every year. Learn from a panel of West Coast leaders in the cannabis industry about how regenerative practices can go beyond the farm to be a catalyst for positive change for the earth and for our communities.

      Panelists:

      Taylor Blake, Associate Producer, The Emerald Cup
      Tina Gordon, Founder, Moomade Farms
      Jeremy Plumb, Director, Production Science, Prūf Cultivar
      Moderator: Jesse Dodd, Founder, Biovortex & The Regenerative Cannabis Awards Creator at The Emerald Cup in California

      5:00pm

      Personal Cultivation: What’s Legal in the DMV?

      The home-grow community is a vibrant part of cannabis culture and decriminalization in the DMV has brought home-growers into the mainstream of cannabis advocacy and innovation. Growing 6 plants is legal for adults in DC and residents of Virginia are permitted to cultivate 4 plants. Unfortunately for Maryland residents, home cultivation remains illegal in MD. There is a growing need for craft cultivators as recreational legalization expands in the U.S. and there are a multitude of opportunities in the small craft cultivation sector for home-growers to take advantage of. This panel takes a look at the current state of home grow laws and shares tips on how you can advocate for the right to grow in your state.


      Panelists:

      JM Pedini, Executive Director, Virginia NORML
      Losia Nyankale, Executive Director, Maryland NORML
      Olivia Naugle, Senior Policy Analyst, Marijuana Policy Project
      Moderator: Luke Jones, Director, Legislative Affairs, Maryland NORML

      6:00pm

      Product Quality Testing in Emerging and Under-regulated Markets

      Marketplace innovation often outpaces the creation of new regulations in emerging markets, and the cannabis industry is a standout example of this trend. This poses potential risks to consumers, retailers, and product manufacturers alike. Retailers and consumers have to educate themselves on how to select safe, high-quality products and become their own regulators until the government catches up. Manufacturers have to develop processes that ensure the safety and quality of their products. While “third-party tested” is an easy phrase to throw around, the extent to which a product has been tested, and the specific tests that are performed, are highly variable. What quality markers should you look for as a consumer? What considerations should you have as a retailer or distributor? What should you be testing for as a manufacturer to build consumer confidence in your products? Join us for a deep dive into this topic and help move the cannabis industry in a positive direction!

      Panelists:

      Brandon Thorpe, PhD, Laboratory Director, Sativa Testing Laboratories, LLC

      6:30pm

      Hash-Making with DC Scroger

      Learn how to make Solventless Traditional Hashish from DC Scroger. Scroger is using this special late-day sesh to honor hashish hero and mentor Frenchy Cannoli. Don’t miss out on learning from DC’s own #HomeGrowGuru!

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